Herniated disc, nerve compression and radiculoneuropathy

Do you suffer from back pain? Does the pain shoot up to the limbs? Then you may suffer from herniated disc, and due to its pressure and other degenerative changes to the spine on the nerve root, it can develop into the so-called radiculoneuropathy.

Do not postpone an appointment with your physician. Manage your health issues in time. Would you like to manage herniated disc now? You can utilize our health advisory centre.

Hernia de disc - descriere, tratament
Obrázek Herniated disc, nerve compression and radiculoneuropathy

Characteristics of herniated discs, nerve compression and radiculoneuropathy, and their causes

A herniated disc  the inner occurs when part of a disc slips into the spinal canal through a rupture in its perimeter. This slipped part either irritates or compresses nerves.

Should the herniated disc compress a nerve root, it can cause severe back pain. This pain can be accompanied by a tingling sensation and will worsen while coughing, moving or sitting for long periods.

Radiculoneuropathy develops as a result of pressure created by a herniated disc or osteophytes or through the effect of other degenerative changes to the spine affecting nerve roots.

The area to where pain spreads is dependant on exactly where the pressure is. Radiculoneuropathy also gives rise to a range of vertebrogenic pain syndromes, all of which are dominated  by spinal pain, such as:

  • acute cervical spine pain,
  • chronic cervical spine pain,
  • cervicocranial syndrome – accompanied by  pain shooting down the head,
  • cervicovestibular syndrome – a state in which a blocked cervical spine causes vertigo,
  • cervicobrachial syndrome – upper limb pain, where the root cause lies in lower part of the cervical spine,
  • radicular syndrome with symptoms manifesting in the upper limb,
  • thoracic spine pain,
  •  lumbago,
  • chronic  pain in the lumbar area and lower back,
  • radicular syndrome with symptoms manifesting in the lower limb.

The most significant cause of herniated disc is gradual wear and tear, weakening, and the strain of everyday life.

Other factors can contribute as well:

  • little physical activity,
  • improper physical strain on the spine while working,
  • excessive and unsuitable sports.

Herniated disc, nerve compression and radiculoneuropathy treatment – rid yourself of the pain

Specific methods of treatment are chosen by the physician based on individual symptoms and cause.

In the acute stage, bedrest is recommended and pain is mitigated through administering analgesics. Muscle relaxants are also administered in order to relax muscles in the affected area of the spine.

Local injection and corticoids can be administered. The affected area of the spine is temporarily fixed by a neck brace or lumbar support.

To achieve a more significant pain-soothing and muscle-relaxing effect, physical therapy is used.

After treating the acute stage, physiotherapy is immediately initiated in order to help with muscle imbalance (uneven use of muscle groups). Persistent serious cases call for surgical intervention. 

  • Muscle disbalance – uneven use of muscle groups.
  • Cervicocranial syndrome – disorder of the cervical spine where pain shoots up to the head.
  • Cervicobrachial syndrome – pain in the upper limb, which has its cause in the lower part of cervical spine.
  • Cervicovestibular syndrome – a condition where blocked cervical spine causes vertigo.
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